Did you know that every tooth has a central cavity called the root canal cavity? It is filled with blood vessels and nerves, which are collectively called the dental pulp. When the dental pulp gets exposed to the microbes in the mouth, it can lead to a disease called the root canal infection. It is a highly invasive condition that can affect the gums, adjoining teeth, underlying jawbone, and even cause tooth loss.
What causes a root canal infection?
- The most prominent cause of a root canal infection is cavities formed due to tooth decay.
- External injury to the mouth can damage the teeth. The microbes can enter the root canal through the crack and infect the pulp.
- Gum diseases, when left untreated for a long time, can cause a root canal infection.
What are the symptoms?
- Pain when you bite and chew food, or brush the teeth
- The infected tooth tends to turn dull due to the infected tissues within
- Discharge of pus from the gums near the infected tooth
- Bleeding gums
- The tooth could loosen from its socket
- In severe cases, the jawbone could deteriorate.
How is a root canal infection treated?
The dentist will thoroughly diagnose you and determine the severity of the infection. If any other treatment solutions can be used to treat it, the dentist will discuss them with you. A root canal infection is usually chosen as a last resort method to treat a severely infected tooth. A rubber dam will be placed on the teeth to isolate the infected tooth from the remaining.
A tiny hole is made on the tooth using high precision instruments, and the infected pulp will be extracted using dental files of varying sizes. You will be under the influence of anesthesia during this procedure to avoid pain and discomfort. A jet of water is used to wash away the debris. We will place a small amount of medication in the tooth and cover the hole using a filling. Further, we suggest restoring the tooth using a porcelain crown to keep it from cracking or crumbling under high forces, as it could become weak due to lack of nourishment.
Schedule an appointment online or call us at (770) 458-3600 to consult your dentist at Brightworks Dentistry in Dunwoody, GA. Ask more about root canals to our Dunwoody dentist, we will happy to answer and help.